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In the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", the key points of my country's scientific and technological innovation capacity building are clear


The outline of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" released on March 5 shows that the proportion of my country's research and experimental development expenditure in GDP is expected to increase from 1.8% to 2.2% in the next five years, with an average annual growth of 0.4%. The focus of my country's scientific and technological innovation capacity building during the Second Five-Year Plan period.

These focuses are: continuing to implement core electronic devices, high-end general-purpose chips and basic software, very large-scale integrated circuit manufacturing technology and complete sets of processes, new generation broadband wireless mobile communications, high-end CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing technology, large oil and gas fields and coalbed methane development, Large-scale advanced pressurized water reactors and high-temperature gas-cooled reactor nuclear power plants, water pollution control and governance, breeding of new varieties of genetically modified organisms, development of major new drugs, prevention and control of major infectious diseases such as AIDS and viral hepatitis, large aircraft, high-resolution earth observation systems, Major scientific and technological projects such as manned spaceflight and lunar exploration projects;

In terms of key scientific and technological plans, implement the key basic research and development plan (973 plan), the high-tech research and development plan (863 plan), the science and technology support plan and the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and implement major research on proteins, quantum regulation, nanotechnology, development and reproduction. Scientific research plan; construction of major national scientific and technological infrastructure such as free electron laser and spallation seed source;

In the field of knowledge innovation engineering, build scientific centers such as condensed matter physics, mathematics and complex systems, earth and environment, space and ocean, and build R&D bases for clean energy, green intelligent manufacturing, small satellites and space perception, continental and deep ocean exploration technology, etc. ;

In terms of technological innovation projects, build national engineering centers and engineering laboratories such as new energy vehicles, carbon fiber composite materials, and digital home networks, strengthen enterprise technology centers, innovative enterprises and industrial technology innovation strategic alliances, and cultivate top 100 independent innovation enterprises.

According to the "Report on the Implementation of the Central and Local Budgets and the Draft Central and Local Budgets for 2011" released by the Ministry of Finance on the 5th, in 2010, the number of national public finance spending on science and technology projects was 322.686 billion yuan, and the 2011 budget was 368.979 billion yuan. The budget amount is 114.3% of the execution amount of the previous year.